An ax jawbone found in the ditch, which gave a date several hundred years earlier than the antlers, and was probably buried as an offering (both the antler picks and jawbone are now in the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum).
During the third phase of construction, which took place around 2000 B.Working at Vespasian's Camp in Amesbury, Wiltshire, less than a mile from the megalithic stones, a team led by archaeologist David Jacques of the Open University unearthed material which contradicted the general belief that no people settled there until as late as 2,500 BC.Indeed, carbon dating of the material revealed the existence of a semi-permanent settlement which was occupied from 7,500 to 4,700 BC.An "abnormal number" of remains found in tombs nearby display signs of serious disease, they say, while teeth found in graves prove that about half the bodies there were "not native" to the local area.Prof Darvill said: "Stonehenge would attract not only people who were unwell, but people who were capable of healing them.On the contrary, it represents a place where one culture mingled with the other.
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When something dies the carbon it contains decays gradually over time.
Radiocarbon dating measures the amount of radioactive carbon remaining in an archaeological sample.
It was built in several stages: the first monument was an early henge monument, built about 5,000 years ago, and the unique stone circle was erected in the late Neolithic period about 2500 BC.
In the early Bronze Age many burial mounds were built nearby.
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